Welcome to Aleph Coin Blog (Circulated Silver & Gold Coins in The Northern Malay States - Kedah, Perlis & Penang - Circa 1600 until 1957). This blog will preview my current collection or new information of coins that will later be added into my on-going project (that I am doing independently, due to my interest in History and Numismatic). I might be adding information of other coin and banknote that I came across. I am looking forward and much appreciated if someone can come to give information, sharing knowledge, sample of coins into making this project a reality. I also receive support from Dr Ibrahim Baker (a medical doctor, who has so much interest in Malay coins) and Dr Mahani Musa (expert in Penang's history, USM lecturer). Should you have information to relay, don't hesitate to contact me at - Together, we work to preserving our history...

Sunday, 2 November 2008

Terengganu Keping (or Pitis)

Terengganu Pitis/Keping

Estimated to circulate in the state of Terengganu around late 18th century until early 19th century.

The condition I have is readable and ciphered, I would put it as Extremely Fine (EF) condition.

Arabic words, read: Kali Malik Al Adil
Translation: The Reign of the Just Ruler
Reverse: Plain
Edge: Plain
Composition: Tin
Source: The Encyclopaedia of The Coins of Malaysia Singapore And Brunei (Saran Singh)

Thursday, 11 September 2008

KING EDWARD VII (1903-1910) - One Rupee

Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 Nov 1841 - 06 May 1910 ) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. He was the son of Queen Victoria. He reigned from 22 Jan 1901 until his death on 06 May 1910.
When Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, the Prince of Wales became king. Then 59, he was the second oldest man to ascend to the throne in British history (the oldest having been William IV), who ascended at age of 64 years.

Full name --Albert Edward
Reign --22 Jan 1901-06 May 1910
Coronation --09 Aug 1902
Predecessor --Victoria
Successor --George V

King Edward Memorial (KEM) Hospital is amongst the foremost teaching and medical care providing institutions in India. The hospital was founded in Bombay in 1926 as a memorial to the King, who had visited India as Prince of Wales in 1876.

Coins of King Edward VII
The Edward VII series of coins of India are dated 1903-1910. No Gold coins were issued during the reign of Edward VII. There are four silver coins (Rupee, 1/2 Rupee, 1/4 Rupee and 2 Annas) and three copper coins (1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice and 1/12 Anna). A cupro-nickel 1 Anna coin was introduced in 1906.

Coinage of Queen Victoria had the Queen's bust facing left, following the British practice of making the effigies of successive sovereigns face opposite directions,the coins of Edward showed the king facing right.

On 01 Aug,1906, the copper coins were replace by bronze issues with the same obverse and reverse designs but a thinner plancet due to the rising international prices of copper. The 1906 coins come in both varieties.

Another special feature of the coinage of this period was that,in all the silver coins the inscription was in both English and Persian, compared to Victoria coins that showed only English. In 1 anna cupro-nickel coin, the value was shown in five languages- English, Persian, Hindi, Bengali and Telugu.

There were over 263 million of these Indian 1 rupee coins featuring King Edward VII (1901-10) minted at Bombay and Calcutta. It contains .3438 of an ounce of silver. There is no mint mark for Calcutta. The Bombay issues have a small incuse "B" (the 1903 Rupee also has a raised "B" variety). The "B" mint mark can be impossible to see but a "dot" on the stem of the lotus-bud (lower right on reverse) is a more prominent mark.

Added on: 12-Sep-2008

Update 2012-07-23

More information about the coin can be found here:

Thursday, 14 August 2008

Bought from eBay - Malaysia 20 Sen 1970

Bought from eBay. It has been quite some time that I have been buying stuff from eBay.

MSC4: 1970 (Total mintage was 1,054,000) (Standard Catalog of Malaysia Singapore & Brunei)

Paid price is RM35 (Inclusive postage).

The seller claimed to be UNC, but I have found it to be XF (Extremely Fine). But still OK, because I am looking for this piece for like a year already.

Completed my set! Malaysia 10 Sen 1971, Malaysia 50 Sen Extra Dot.

Saturday, 19 July 2008

Malaysia RM1 - Unissued

This is the normal RM1 which can be easily found circulated in the market. Signed by Gabenor Bank Negara, Tan Sri Dato' Seri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz.
This one is claimed to be unissued, but somehow the Central Bank's mistake to release it into the circulation. I can't be quite sure about this and still looking for valid confirmation. This piece was signed by Tan Sri Ali Abul Hassan.
Ok, this is one piece somebody's trying to sell on the eBay. Look at the price, and mind you the quality of the note is not more than Very Good (VG-grade).

Bank Negara Malaysia is reintroducing the new RM1 note, the sixth denomination issued in the new design Malaysian currency notes series (3rd series). The new RM1 bears the signature of the present Governor, Tan Sri Dato' Sri Dr. Zeti Akhtar Aziz, who assumed office on 1 May 2000. The new RM1 note printed earlier bears the signature of the Immediate Past Governor Tan Sri Dato' Seri Ali Abul Hassan bin Sulaiman. The new RM 1 note will incorporate the latest security features to deter counterfeiting.

The theme of the new series, "Wawasan 2020" reflects Malaysia's economic development and accomplishment towards achieving the status of a fully developed country. The main focus reflected in the background motif is the tourism sector. This is depicted with an illustration of a Malaysian kite, the beach, Mount Kinabalu and the pinnacles of Gunung Api located in Mulu National Park. This motif also reflects some off the popular tourist destinations in the country. As with the other denominations of the same series, the new RM1 note will also bear RM as the currency symbol for the Malaysian Ringgit.

The one signed by Tan Sri Ali Abul Hassan only has the prefix started by CR. The market price would be around RM750 for uncirculated, while circulated (in the conditions of good to very good) can take the price around RM300 to RM450.
So, the next time you receive RM1, do check the signature! Who knows you might have chance to make some profit of 350% from the face value.
The one I bought cost me RM350.00
Just for knowledge sharing.

Update 2012/July/14
The information has been updated at with more newly covered information.

Monday, 7 July 2008

RM500 Malaysia Banknotes


RM500 Malaysian Banknotes, which is now is not legal tender, but still valid for exchange at Bank Negara Malaysia for legal tender cash. According to statement from BNM's website, annoucement of the demonetisation of RM500 was made on 12 September 1998, and ceased to be legal tender effective from 1 July 1999. Total printed and circulated to market was 1,989,479 pieces. At time of announcement, BNM expecting that there were less than 200,000 pieces of combined RM500 and RM1000 in the circulation.

According to Banking Info FAQs, the note has been taken out from circulation and withdrawn it legal tender status was to complement the exchange control measures introduced in 1998.
From Standard Catalogue of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei, 17th Edition (International Stamp & Coin):
1987 (No date) New series. The design generally similar to M57, but improved & additional security features. Vertical serial number printed in red, metallic silver feature, intermittent "stardust" security thread etc. Signed by the Bank's Governer Dato' Jaffar Hussein. Engraved and printed by Thomas De La Rue & Co Ltd. Multicolored.
M65 - 500 Ringgit; red, brown & yellow (155x83mm)
This type of banknote (and signed by earlier Governor) was issued back from 1982. The obverse features the portrait of the first Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong with some traditional carving, while the reverse features the Sultan Abdul Samad Building located at Independence Square in Kuala Lumpur.
Note: This information is for sharing, and I will not add into my research book. Hence answering the wonder of why I post it here. Just so that young generation knows the existence of this piece. To date, this one chip me a huge sum of money. By far, it was the most I had ever spent for this hobby.
Shahirasul, USM (2008-07-07)

Update 2012/July/14
The information has been updated at


1. BNM Press Statement
Status of Demonetised RM500 and RM1,000 Currency Notes

2. Banking Info - FAQs
FAQs on The Malaysian Currency

More information about the banknote can be read here:

Sunday, 6 July 2008

RM 5 Uncut Banknotes

RM5 Uncut Banknotes - New Series

The new green RM5 denomination note issued in September 1999 depicts the "Wawasan 2020" theme of the current development Malaysian currency note series which reflects Malaysia's economic development and achievement towards a fully developed country. The construction sector has been selected as the design motif of the RM5 note, the fifth denomination issued in the current series (new series).

The obverse of the new RM5 note retains the dominant intaglio potrait of the First Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the distinctive anticopy square in the centre of the note. The predominant design emphasises the construction sector. This is represented by landmark buildings such as KLIA, Petronas Twin Towers and a geographical map bearing the landmark symbols representing Putrajaya and Cyberjaya. The security features in the note include the security thread with the repeated "BNM RM5" text, three-dimensional watermark potrait, anticopy feature known as "PEAK (R)" and security fibres in the paper.

RM5 Uncut Banknotes - Old Series

The green RM5 denomination note issued in January 1984 incorporates designs which are based on traditional Malaysian ornaments, wood-carvings, craft and flora and a vignette of a prominent building in the Federal Capital. It is the second denomination of the second series (old series).

The obverse of the RM5 note bears the potrait of the First Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The general background design includes patterns based on traditional ornaments, batik, wood-carvings and other crafts. On the reverse side of the note, the predominant design is a vignette of the National Palace, one of the major landmarks in the Federal Capital. The national flower, the Hibiscus is depicted on the lower right hand corner of the note. The security features in the note include the optical security thread, the latent image of the denomination numeral "5", the see-through feature and the watermark portrait of the First Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

(M70.dd) 5 Ringgit. A pair of 3 - Note uncut sheets, new and existing series (M60e) with identical serial numbers, but different prefix (20,000 sheets) - Standard Catalogue of Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei Coin and Paper Money.

This is an interesting article for me, though it is not related to my research. But, I still share it here at part of learning process and knowledge sharing.

Information about this collection has been properly posted to
View recent posting at:

Friday, 27 June 2008

Silver Rider (Ducaton) 1767

Obverse: FOE : BELG : HOL MO : NO : ARG : CON

This is an interesting piece for me, aside to Perak Tampang, this is one of item that chip me the most. But that is not a case here.

I can't be sure whether this coin circulated in Tanah Melayu (The Malay Land) or not, since the seller claims to have bought this from Sumatera, Indonesia - which of course he can finds this there, since Indonesia were parts of Holland's colony.

I took this into collection considering that I am collecting silver coins, and it won't be wrong to add one more piece of item. I cannot discuss much about this coin until I find more information about it.

But, these are some interesting information that I have found on

Title:x Netherlands, Holland, Dukaton or Silver Rider, 1767,
knight galloping right, rev. crwoned arms (Dav.1827; Del.1014), ...

Description:Netherlands, Holland, Dukaton or Silver Rider,
1767, knight galloping right, rev. crwoned arms (Dav.1827; Del.1014)

This coin is estimated to be on Fine condition. If you wish to see more details on the coin, click on respective image to enlarge.

If someone have information on this coin, please email me or just comment here. Thank you.


Updates (2008-06-30)

Holland/Hollandia: A Dutch maritime province fronting on the North Sea, is the most important region of the Netherlands, a leader in maritime activities and in efficient agriculture. During the period of Spanish domination, Holland was the bulwark of the Protestant faith in the Netherlands and the focus of the resistance to Spanish tyranny.

Mint mark: State Arms, hence known to be minted in Amsterdam.

Ducaton (Silver Rider), Krause catalog number is KM# 90 with 32.78 gram and 0.941 silver contents.

Information has been researched and updated, visit for more information at:

Peru Un Sol (1885), Overmarked by Guatemala

Obverse counter-stamped: REPUBLICA DE GUATEMALA 1/2 REAL LAGRANGE (30 DE JUNIO DE 1871)Reverse counter-stamped: 0.835 1894 (LIBERTAD 15 DE SETIEMBRE DE 1821)

I had never expected to get this coin, but paid a handsome money to get this. I don't know much about this coin except that (said to have been) circulated around in Tanah Melayu. I had also identify this coin from Saran Singh's as foreign circulated coin.

It is interesting though, to get this one into my collection.

What makes it more interesting is the fact that is has counter-stamped, Republica de Guatemala 1/2 Real (1894).

Click on respective image to enlarge. If you happened to have some information or like to raise question, please comment into this post.
Updates (2008-06-30)
I have luckily found information on this coin from Krause. Catalog number is KM#166.22 (1885 RD) 0.9 Silver 0.7234 oz. Minted in Santiago.
It has been counterstamped 1/2 Real (Medi0) Guatemala, exergue 1894, catalog number KM#165.
Counter-stamped coinage is cannot be found in any catalog, hence I have to find their specific catalog number.
Interesting information
By 1894, foreign coins had become so prevalent that on August 10, the government authorised their counter-stamping at the mint, with the official 1/2 Real dies of 1894, to legitimize their circulation.

Mint Assayers Initials
The letter(s) following the dates of Peruvian coins are the assayer's initials appearing on the coins. They generally appear at the 11 o'clock on the colonial coinage and at the 5 o'clock position along the rim on the obverse or reverse on the republican coinage.
Note: I still cannot find the name of the assayer (R.D.) Please write something if you know.

Information about this coin has been updated officially at:

One Wooden Nickel


Sorry, that I have not updated my blog for quite sometimes, and those who had emailed me, I do hope that information that I shared with would be helpful.

Here, I'd like to share about ONE WOODEN NICKEL, which I am not sure what it is all about. If somebody knew about this, please email me or comment something about it. I bought it because it looks unique and I wish to know more about it...

(Click on respective image to see higher resolution)